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Georgetown University


Detailed Course Information


Fall 2017
Aug 19, 2018
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HIST 449 - Food:Rome to Industrial Age
Before the middle of the 19th century, all food consumed by humans was organic and most of it was local, too.  Crops were grown without synthetic fertilizers or pesticides according to traditional techniques that became increasingly refined over time.  Animals were raised on pasture or roamed free in forests eating diets they had evolved to digest.  Wild harvests of foraged plants, game, and fish were crucial to diets.  Due to the costs and difficulties of transportation most foodstuffs were consumed in the vicinity where they were produced. Despite these circumstances—and in some cases because of them—European foodways between late antiquity and the Industrial Revolution were full of diversity and innovation.  The migrations of peoples, the obligations imposed by different religious traditions, evolving theories of diet, health, and disease, and the global exchange of plants and animals spread new ideas about what to eat and how to cook.  The decline and subsequent rebirth of urban life encouraged new habits and patterns of consumption.  The hierarchical pomp of court society provoked a reaction that valued simplicity in cooking and convivial informality at mealtimes.  By the beginning of the 19th century, the work schedules, living arrangements, and class divisions characteristic of industrial society were beginning to redefine habits of cooking, eating, and drinking in Europe and in North America, too.
	Please note that the timeframe for History 449 ends in 1860, the point at which the fundamental systems for producing, distributing, and consuming food began a profound transformation thanks to the development of industrial technology.  The story of that transformation from 1860 to the present is the subject of a companion course, History 335, Food:  The Industrial Age, which is offered in alternate years with History 449.

3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours

Levels: MN or MC Graduate, Undergraduate
Schedule Types: Colloquium, Seminar

History Department

Course Attributes:
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