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|HIST 123 - History of China II|
HIST 123 History of China II This course continues from the first part of the Chinese history survey. It is taught with a somewhat different time frame on the main campus and in Doha at SFSQ. On the main campus: The course is introductory, has no prerequisites, and assumes no prior knowledge of China or its language. The organization of the course is basically chronological, but within that framework we will be approaching China from a wide range of viewpoints, taking up political, economic, social, religious, philosophical, and artistic developments. In the fall semester, we covered the formation of China's social, political, and philosophical culture(s), going as far as the consolidation of imperial autocracy in the Ming dynasty (14th-16th centuries). This term we will cover roughly four centuries: 1580-1990. We start with both the resilience and weaknesses of China's imperial system during its final quarter-millennium, including the tensions between a "Middle Kingdom" vision of China as a unitary, advanced, and self-sufficient civilization and the realities of the Manchu Qing state as a multi-ethnic empire in growing competition with others. We then take up the challenge to China's traditions and stability posed by internal developments as well as external economic and cultural penetration by a number of "outsiders" in the 19th century. We conclude with China's 20th century experiments in forms of government and search for new directions in social and cultural development, so as to survive, and later thrive, in an increasingly interconnected global environment. At the Doha campus: China II: Twentieth Century China The first two decades of the twentieth century shattered all assumptions about what it meant to be “Chinese” and to live in the “Central Kingdom.” The collapse of the imperial system in 1911 brought an end to over two thousand years of successive emperors and dynasties, but little consensus about what the new “Republic of China” would be and do. Was this new “China” an empire or nation? Would it include or exclude Tibet, Mongolia, and the Muslim regions of eastern Turkestan—territories that had become part of the multi-cultural Qing empire (1636-1911). Having abandoned the Confucian education system, what would replace it? What ideology should motivate and discipline the people? Who should serve the state? Who should the state serve? And above all, how would China extricate itself from the hostile international forces that pressed in from all sides? There were no easy answers to these questions. The result was a century of fierce conflicts—a chain of explosions, both metaphorical and real—that tore apart the fabric of society and then rewove it into new patterns. This course will examine the last century of Chinese history by focusing on individual and everyday human experiences as revealed by a variety of primary sources—journals, works of art, poetry, novels and memoirs, music, and government documents. We will discuss major political figures such as Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, but also explore the lives of the educated elite—the intellectuals and officials who carried out their policies. This course will also pay particular attention to the history of women and minority groups such as Tibetans and Muslims.
3.000 Credit hours
3.000 Lecture hours
0.000 Lab hours
Schedule Types: Seminar
Mean Grade is Calculated